Cyril Grueter, Douglas White

Paper #: 15-03-006

One of the universal features of human sociality is the fact that our social networks are highly integrated – human societies exhibit several nested social layers including families, bands and communities. Several factors have been identified as creating disincentives for hostile intergroup relations, including economic interdependence (trade), intermarriage (exogamy), cooperative defence against external adversaries (warfare), and lack of patrilocal residential groups coincident with external war (absence of patrilocality with external war). We provide a tests of hypotheses relating to the correlates of amicable relations between communities (i.e. absence of internal war) using the standard cross- cultural sample (SCCS) database and Dow (2007) and Eff and Dow (2009) software that controls for autocorrelation and imputes missing data. Intermarriage did not have any explanatory power, there was a nearly significant effect of trade on the establishment of intergroup tolerance, and the evidential basis for cooperative defence and patrilocal residence were strong when combed into a multiplicative effect. This analysis is complemented with an exploration of the evolutionary factors underlying elementary forms of meta-group organization in non-human primates.