Murray Gell-Mann, Alberto Robledo, G. Yalcin

Paper #: 14-07-024

We show that size-rank distributions with power-law decay (often only over a limited extent) observed in a vast number of instances in a widespread family of systems obey Tsallis statistics. The theoretical framework for these distributions is analogous to that of a nonlinear iterated map near a tangent bifurcation for which the Lyapunov exponent is negligible or vanishes. The relevant statistical-mechanical expressions associated with these distributions are derived from a maximum entropy principle with the use of two different constraints, and the resulting duality of entropy indexes is seen to portray physically relevant information. While the value of the index α fixes the distribution's power-law exponent, that for the dual index 2 − α ensures the extensivity of the deformed entropy.