Nihat Ay, Jürgen Jost, Hông Lê, Lorenz Schwachhöfer
Paper #: 15-10-040
We develope a new and general notion of parametric measure models and statistical models on an arbitrary sample space Ω. This is given by a diffferentiable map from the parameter manifold M into the set of finite measures or probability measures on Ω, respectively, which is differentiable when regarded as a map into the Banach space of all signed measures on Ω. Furthermore, we also give a rigorous definition of roots of measures and give a natural definition of the Fisher metric and the Amari-Chentsov tensor as the pullback of tensors defined on the space of roots of measures. We show that many features such as the preservation of this tensor under sufficient statistics and the monotonicity formula hold even in this very general set-up.