Llorens, Anais; Athina Tzovara; Ludovic Bellier; Ilina Bhaya-Grossman; Aurelie Bidet-Cauet; William K. Chang; Zachariah R. Cross; Rosa Dominguez-Faus; Adeen Flinker; Yvonne Fonken; Mark A. Gorenstein; Chris Holdgraf; Colin W. Hoy; Maria V. Ivanova; Richard T. Jimenez; Soyeon Jun; Julia W. Y. Kam; Celeste Kidd; Enitan Marcelle; Deborah Marciano; Stephanie Martin; Nicholas R. Myers; Karita Ojala; Anat Perry; Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas; Stephanie K. Ries; Ignacio Saez; Ivan Skelin; Katarina Slama; Brooke Staveland; Danielle S. Bassett; Elizabeth A. Buffalo; Adrienne L. Fairhall; Nancy J. Kopell; Laura J. Kray; Jack J. Lin; Anna C. Nobre; Dylan Riley; Anne-Kristin Solbakk; Joni D. Wallis; Xiao-Jing Wang; Shlomit Yuvak-Greenberg; Sabine Kastner; Robert T. Knight and Nina F. Dronkers

Despite increased awareness of the lack of gender equity in academia and a growing number of initiatives to address issues of diversity, change is slow, and inequalities remain. A major source of inequity is gender bias, which has a substantial negative impact on the careers, work-life balance, and mental health of underrepresented groups in science. Here, we argue that gender bias is not a single problem but manifests as a collection of distinct issues that impact researchers' lives. We disentangle these facets and propose concrete solutions that can be adopted by individuals, academic institutions, and society.