SFI Professor Elizabeth Wood discusses how civil war may radically change the pace, direction, or consequences, with perhaps irreversible effects, of six social processes: political mobilization, military socializations, polarization of social identities, militarization of local authority, transformation of gender roles, and fragmentation of the local political economy. As she analyzes the effects of these processes as transformations in social networks, she traces the wide variation in these processes during the wars in Peru, El Salvador, Sri Lanka, and Sierra Leone. See “The Social Processes of Civil War: The Wartime Transformation of Social Networks,” E. J. Wood, Annual Review of Political Science 11 (2008): 539-561.