Many sociological and anthropological studies have shown that dominant men have more reproductive success because they can attract more partners. While short-term analysis does show that the genetic traits of top-ranked men are passed on more often than those of other men, the variance in male fitness does not influence the genetics of a population in the long run. That's what scientists from the University of Arizona, the Santa Fe Institute, and the Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology have concluded; they published their findings in a recent PNAS article. Overall, it appears that evolution does not favor dominant males for more than a few generations. On the evolutionary timescales, genetic contributions from the entire community take precedence. A man may be on top the world in his lifetime, but his genetic information won't stand out from those of everyone else in the distant future.