Santa Fe Institute

Science Board

The principle role of the Science Board is to advise the President and the Board of Trustees on matters of scientific strategy for the Institute.  This advice includes identification of major new scientific directions for the Institute, identification and nomination of potential Resident and External Professors, and providing assistance to the President in review of the Institute's scientific programs.  The Science Board performs a general advisory role to the President.

Members are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Science Board and normally serve for renewable three-year terms.

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Philip W. Anderson

Science Board Emeritus

Professor Emeritus, Princeton University, Physics

Ken Arrow

Science Board

Joan Kenney Professor of Economics and Professor of Operations Research, Emeritus, Stanford University, Dept. of Economics

Elizabeth Bradley

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, University of Colorado, Department of Computer Science and Electrical and Computer Engineering

David K. Campbell

Science Board

Professor, Boston University, Physics and Computer and Elec. Engineering

Nazli Choucri

Science Board

Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Political Science

Nina Fedoroff

Science Board, External Professor

Evan Pugh Professor; Distinguished Visiting Professor, Penn State University; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences

Marc Feldman

Science Board, External Professor

Wohlford Professor, Stanford University, Biological Sciences

John Geanakoplos

Science Board, External Professor

James Tobin Professor of Economics, Yale University, Economics

Murray Gell-Mann

Life Trustee

Distinguished Fellow, Santa Fe Institute

Nigel Goldenfeld

Science Board

Swanlund Endowed Chair, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Physics; Institute for Genomic Biology

David Gross

Science Board

Permanent Member, Frederick W. Gluck Chair Theoretical Physics, KITP, University of California, Santa Barbara, Theoretical Physics

Barbara Grosz

Science Board

Higgins Professor of Natural Sciences, Harvard University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Juris Hartmanis

Science Board

Professor Emeritus, Cornell University

John H. Holland

Trustee, Science Board

Professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Arthur M. Jaffe

Science Board

Landon T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science, Harvard University

Molly Jahn

Science Board

Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Agronomy, Laboratory of Genetics

Erica Jen

Science Board, External Professor

Eric Klopfer

Science Board

Professor/Director, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Urban Studies & Planning/Scheller Teacher Education Program

Mimi Koehl

Ex Officio Trustee, Science Board Co-Chair, SSC

Professor, University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Integrative Biology

Tim Kohler

Science Board, External Professor

Regents Professor, Washington State University, Anthropology

Kevin Laland

Science Board

Professor of Behavioural and Evolutionary Biology, University of St. Andrews, School of Biology

Arthur Lander

Science Board

Donald Bren Professor of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, Developmental and Cell Biology

Richard Lenski

Science Board

Hannah Distinguished Professor, Michigan State University, Plant Soil and Microbial Sciences

Simon A. Levin

Science Board

Moffett Professor of Biology, Princeton University, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

Richard Lewontin

Science Board

Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Harvard University, Museum of Comp Zoology Emeritus

Peter Littlewood

Science Board

Director, Argonne National Laboratory, Director's Office

Seth Lloyd

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

Thomas Lovejoy

Science Board

University Professor, George Mason University, Environmental Science & Policy

L. Mahadevan

Science Board

Lola England de Valpine Professor of Applied Mathematics, Harvard University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Eric Maskin

Science Board Emeritus

Adams University Professor, Harvard University, Department of Economics

The Lord May of Oxford

Science Board

Professor, Oxford University, Zoology

Lauren Meyers

Science Board, External Professor

Professor and Director, University of Texas at Austin, Section of Integrative Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology

Melanie Mitchell

Science Board, External Professor and McKinnon Family Vice President for Education and Outreach

Professor, Portland State University, Computer Science

Michael Mitzenmacher

Science Board

Professor, Harvard University

Harold Morowitz

Science Board Chair, Emeritus, Santa Fe Institute

Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Biology and Natural Philosophy, George Mason University, Krasnow Institute

Alexandra Navrotsky

Science Board

Director, NEAT ORU; Edward Roessler Chair in Math. and Physical Sciences; Distinguished Professor, University of California, Davis, Ceramic, Earth, and Environmental Materials Chemistry

George Oster

Science Board

Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Cell and Developmental Biology

Mark Pagel

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, Reading University, School of Biological Sciences

Mercedes Pascual

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, University of Chicago, Department of Ecology and Evolution

Alan Perelson

Science Board, External Professor

Senior Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mathematical and Theoretical Biology

David Pines

Co-Founder in Residence

Co-Founder, SFI, Distinguished Research Professor of Physics, U C Davis, Research Professor of Physics, UIUC, and Chief Evangelist and Founding Director Emeritus, Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter

Thomas Rosenbaum

Science Board

President, California Institute of Technology, Office of the President

Donald Saari

Science Board

UCI Distinguished Professor: Mathematicsw and Economics, University of California, Irvine, Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences

Jeremy (Jerry) A. Sabloff †

President, Santa Fe Institute

Daniel Schrag

Science Board

Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology; Director, Center for the Environment, Harvard University, Center for the Environment

Montgomery Slatkin

Science Board

Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Dept. of Integrative Biology

Derek Smith

Science Board

Professor of Infectious Disease Informatics, University of Cambridge, Department of Zoology

Dawn Song

Science Board

Associate Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Computer Science Division

Daniel L. Stein

Science Board Co-Chair, SSC Ex-officio

Professor of Physics and Mathematics, New York University, Physics and Mathematics

Charles Stevens

External Professor, Science Board

Professor and Vincent J. Coates Chair in Molecular Neurobiology, The Salk Institute, Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory

Andreas Wagner

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, University of Zurich, Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environ. Studies

Geoffrey West

Science Board, Science Steering Committee

Distinguished Professor and Past President, Santa Fe Institute

Peter G. Wolynes

Science Board

Bullard-Welch Foundation Professor of Science, Professor of Chemistry, Rice University, Chemistry

Chris Wood †

Vice President, Administration and Director, Business Network

† Ex Officio Member

Philip W. Anderson

Science Board Emeritus

Professor Emeritus, Princeton University, Physics


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Ken Arrow

Science Board

Joan Kenney Professor of Economics and Professor of Operations Research, Emeritus, Stanford University, Dept. of Economics

Kenneth Arrow is the Joan Kenney Professor of Economics and Professor of Operations Research, emeritus; a CHP/PCOR fellow; and an FSI senior fellow by courtesy. He is a Nobel Prize-winning economist whose work has been primarily in economic theory and operations, focusing on areas including social choice theory, risk bearing, medical economics, general equilibrium analysis, inventory theory, and the economics of information and innovation. He was one of the first economists to note the existence of a learning curve, and he also showed that under certain conditions an economy reaches a general equilibrium. In 1972, together with Sir John Hicks, he won the Nobel Prize in economics, for his pioneering contributions to general equilibrium theory and welfare theory.

Arrow has served on the economics faculties of the University of Chicago, Harvard and Stanford. Prior to that, he served as a weather officer in the U.S. Air Corps (1942-46 ...

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Elizabeth Bradley

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, University of Colorado, Department of Computer Science and Electrical and Computer Engineering

Liz Bradley did her undergraduate and graduate work at MIT, interrupted by a one-year leave of absence to row in the 1988 Olympic Games, and has been with the Department of Computer Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder since January of 1993. Her research interests include nonlinear dynamics, artificial intelligence, and control theory. She is the recipient of a NSF National Young Investigator award, a Packard Fellowship, a Radcliffe Fellowship, and the 1999 student-voted University of Colorado College of Engineering teaching award.

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David K. Campbell

Science Board

Professor, Boston University, Physics and Computer and Elec. Engineering

Professor David K. Campbell received his bachelor's degree in physics and chemistry from Harvard College in 1966, Part III Mathematics Tripos, with distinction, from Cambridge University in 1967, and his Ph.D. in theoretical physics and applied mathematics from Cambridge in 1970. He has pioneered the systematic study of inherently nonlinear phenomena throughout physics. The central theme of his work is the role of nonlinear excitations--solitons--in novel states of matter. His contributions span many distinct subfields of physics from high-energy field theory to condensed matter. Professor Campbell is a leader in the emerging field of nonlinear science. His influential overview articles and his direction of the flag-ship journal, Chaos, of which he was the founding editor, have established key interdisciplinary organizing principles--the paradigms of solitons, chaos, and patterns--and have played a seminal role in defining the research agenda in nonlinear science.

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Nazli Choucri

Science Board

Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Political Science

Nazli Choucri is Professor of Political Science. Focusing on international relations, she concentrates on sources and consequences of international conflict and violence. Professor Choucri is the Principal Investigator and Director of a multi-year multi-disciplinary collaborative research project of MIT and Harvard University on Explorations in Cyber International Relations. She is the Associate Director of MIT’s Technology and Development Program (TDP), and the architect and Director of the Global System for Sustainable Development (GSSD), a multi-lingual web-based knowledge networking system focusing on the multi-dimensionality of sustainability.

Professor Choucri is the founding Editor of the MIT Press Series on Global Environmental Accord and the former General Editor of the International Political Science Review. The author of eleven books and over 120 articles, Dr Choucri has been involved in research or advisory work for national and international agencies, and for a number or countries, including: Algeria, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece ...

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Nina Fedoroff

Science Board, External Professor

Evan Pugh Professor; Distinguished Visiting Professor, Penn State University; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences

Nina Fedoroff did her undergraduate work at Syracuse University, graduating summa cum laude with a dual major in biology and chemistry. She attended the Rockefeller University, where she earned her Ph.D. in Molecular Biology in 1972. Both her undergraduate research at Syracuse University and her graduate research on RNA bacteriophage at The Rockefeller University were supported by grants and fellowships from the National Science Foundation. Following graduation from The Rockefeller University, she joined the faculty at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and carried out research on nuclear RNA. In 1974 Fedoroff received fellowships from the Damon Runyan-Walter Winchell Cancer Research Fund and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for postdoctoral work, first at UCLA and then in the Department of Embryology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington in Baltimore. Working in the laboratory of Donald Brown, Fedoroff pioneered in DNA sequencing, determining the nucleotide sequence of the ...

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Marc Feldman

Science Board, External Professor

Wohlford Professor, Stanford University, Biological Sciences

Marcus Feldman was born and raised in Perth, Australia, the son of Simon and Ida Feldman. Although both of his parents encouraged him to follow his own interests and passions, his father, an engineer, liked math and before long young Marcus had picked up the penchant. “He was happy that I did,” recalls Feldman.
It was anything but a passing fancy. At the University of Western Australia, Feldman first earned his bachelor of science degree in 1964, then just two years later, his master of science in mathematics from Monash University in Australia. From there, he ventured to the United States to get his doctorate in mathematical biology at Stanford University, after which he returned to Australia where he had accepted a teaching position at La Trobe University in Melbourne.
Two years later, however, Feldman was back in California, joining Stanford’s biology faculty in 1971. There, he began using ...

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John Geanakoplos

Science Board, External Professor

James Tobin Professor of Economics, Yale University, Economics

John Geanakoplos (b. 1955) received his B.A. in Mathematics from Yale University in 1975 (summa cum laude), his M.A. in Mathematics and his Ph.D. in Economics under Kenneth Arrow from Harvard University in 1980. He started as an Assistant Professor in Economics at Yale University in 1980, becoming an Associate Professor in 1983, Professor in 1986, and the James Tobin Professor of Economics in 1994. He is currently the Director of the Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics. He was elected a fellow of the Econometric Society in 1990 and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1999. He was awarded the Samuelson Prize in 1999 (for work on lifetime financial security), and was awarded the first Bodossaki Prize in economics in 1994. In 1990-1991 and again in 1999-2000 he directed the economics program at the Santa Fe Institute, where he remains an external professor ...

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Murray Gell-Mann

Life Trustee

Distinguished Fellow, Santa Fe Institute

Murray Gell-Mann is one of today’s most prominent scientists. He is currently Distinguished Fellow at the Santa Fe Institute. He is also Robert Andrews Millikan professor emeritus at the California Institute of Technology, where he joined the faculty in 1955. In 1969, he received the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. He is the author of The Quark and the Jaguar, published in 1994, in which his ideas on simplicity and complexity are presented to a general readership.

Among his contributions to physics was the "eightfold way" scheme that brought order out of the chaos created by the discovery of some 100 kinds of particles in collisions involving atomic nuclei. Professor Gell-Mann subsequently found that all of those particles, including the neutron and proton, are composed of fundamental building blocks with very unusual properties that he named “quarks.” That idea has since ...

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Nigel Goldenfeld

Science Board

Swanlund Endowed Chair, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Dept. of Physics; Institute for Genomic Biology

Nigel Goldenfeld holds a Swanlund Endowed Chair and is a Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He also leads the Biocomplexity Group at the university's Institute for Genomic Biology. Nigel received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge (U.K.) in 1982, and for the years 1982-1985 was a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara. Nigel has been an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow, a University Scholar of the University of Illinois, a recipient of the Xerox Award for research, and a recipient of the A. Nordsieck award for excellence in graduate teaching. In 1996, Nigel co-founded NumeriX, a company that specializes in high-performance software for the derivatives marketplace.   He serves on the editorial boards of several journals, including The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and the International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance. Nigel ...

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David Gross

Science Board

Permanent Member, Frederick W. Gluck Chair Theoretical Physics, KITP, University of California, Santa Barbara, Theoretical Physics

Permanent member and holder of the Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics Professor of Physics, Department of Physics at University of California, Santa Barbara, U.S.A. 2004 Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Gross received his bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1966 then spent three years as Junior Fellow at Harvard University. In 1973 he was promoted to Professor at Princeton University and named Iugene Higgins Professor of Physics in 1986. He assumed the title Director and holder of the Frederick W. Gluck Chair in Theoretical Physics at the Kavli  Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1997. Gross also was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Montpellier, France.

In ...

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Barbara Grosz

Science Board

Higgins Professor of Natural Sciences, Harvard University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Artificial Intelligence Collaborative Planning and Human-Computer Communication

One of the major challenges for computer science is to create the scientific and technological base for easy-to-use, large-scale information systems.  Research in Artificial Intelligence aims to understand thinking and intelligence in ways that enable the construction of computer systems able to act intelligently and to build such systems.  Within these two broad agendas, Professor Grosz’s research program aims to develop the capabilities needed for computer-agent systems to function as intelligent, helpful team members over the long term and in uncertain, dynamic environments.  It has yielded theories and models of collaboration that provide the foundations for constructing systems able to work with each other and their users. The ability to collaborate is critical if we are to have systems that are helpful assistants and not merely tools. Better systems for human-computer communication, including for managing interruptions appropriately, are an essential part of ...

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Juris Hartmanis

Science Board

Professor Emeritus, Cornell University

The strategic goal of my research is to contribute to the development of a comprehensive theory of computational complexity. Computational complexity, the study of the quantitative laws that govern computation, is an essential part of the science base needed to guide, harness, and exploit the explosively growing computer technology. My current research interests are focused on two related areas: understanding the computational complexity of chaotic systems and the study of the computational complexity of scientific theories.

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John H. Holland

Trustee, Science Board

Professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

John H. Holland is professor of computer science and engineering and professor of psychology at the University of Michigan; he is also external professor and member of the executive committee of the board of trustees at the Santa Fe Institute.

Professor Holland was made a MacArthur fellow in 1992 and is a fellow of the World Economic Forum. He serves on the Advisory Board on Complexity at the McDonnell Foundation.

Professor Holland has been interested for more than 40 years in what are now called complex adaptive systems (CAS). He formulated genetic algorithms, classifier systems, and the Echo models as tools for studying the dynamics of such systems. His books Hidden Order (1995) and Emergence (1998) summarize many of his thoughts about complex adaptive systems.

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Arthur M. Jaffe

Science Board

Landon T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science, Harvard University

Arthur studied at Princeton and Cambridge Universities, starting in experimental chemistry, transitioning through mathematics, and ending in theoretial physics. He established the compatibility of special relativity with quantum theory, by demonstrating the existence of non-linear quantum field theories in space-times of dimension two and three. (This problem in dimension four is still unresolved.) He has been on the faculty of Harvard University since 1967, and served as President of the International Association of Mathematical Physics, President of the American Mathematical Society, Chair of the Council of Scientific Socity Presidents, and in other positions. He was a founding member, director, and first president of the Clay Mathematics Institute, popularly known for offering a seven million dollar prize for the solution of seven mathematical questions.

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Molly Jahn

Science Board

Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Agronomy, Laboratory of Genetics

Molly Jahn is a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, holding appointments in the Department of Agronomy, the Laboratory of Genetics, and the Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment. From 2006-2011, she served as dean of the University of Wisconsin’s College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Director of the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station.  In 2009-10, she was called to Washington, DC to provide interim leadership as Deputy and Acting Under Secretary of Research, Education and Economics at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Her research programs at University of Wisconsin and Cornell University have produced vegetable varieties grown commercially and for subsistence on six continents. In 2011, she was selected to represent the U.S. on the CGIAR’s Commission for Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change.  In 2012, she was recognized with the highest award conferred by the U.S.D.A., the Secretary’s Honor Award ...

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Erica Jen

Science Board, External Professor

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Eric Klopfer

Science Board

Professor/Director, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Urban Studies & Planning/Scheller Teacher Education Program

Professor Klopfer's research focuses on the development and use of computer games and simulations for building understanding of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. He works on mobile and onlines games designed to build understanding of scientific practices and concepts as well as critical knowledge.  In the realm of simulations, Klopfer's work focuses on students understanding complex systems through, and connecting computer programming with, scientific practice, critical thinking, and real-world issues . He is the co-author of the books, "Adventures in Modeling", "The More We Know", as well as author of "Augmented Learning,"   Klopfer is also the co-founder, past President, and Board Member of the non-profit Learning Games Network.
 
PHOTO INSPIRATION: Over the years Eric has collected many turtles, the iconic figure from the Logo language lineage dating back to Seymour Papert. He grew up in the age of Logo and was inspired to learn programming at an early age ...

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Mimi Koehl

Ex Officio Trustee, Science Board Co-Chair, SSC

Professor, University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Integrative Biology

Mimi Koehl , a Professor of Integrative Biology at the University of California, Berkeley, earned her Ph.D. in Zoology at Duke University.  She studies the physics of how organisms interact with their environments, focusing on how microscopic creatures swim and capture food in turbulent water flow, how organisms glide in turbulent wind, how wave-battered marine organisms avoid being washed away, and how olfactory antennae catch odors from water or air moving around them. 

Professor Koehl’s is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  Her awards include a MacArthur “genius grant”, a Presidential Young Investigator Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the John Martin Award (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, for “for research that created a paradigm shift in an area of aquatic sciences”), the Borelli Award (American Society of Biomechanics, for “outstanding career accomplishment”), the Rachel Carson Award (American ...

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Tim Kohler

Science Board, External Professor

Regents Professor, Washington State University, Anthropology

Tim received his A.B. from New College of Sarasota, Florida in 1972 and his Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Florida in 1978. Except for brief interludes in Avignon, Calgary, and Besançon, his academic career to date has been at Washington State University (WSU), Pullman. He directed the Village Ecodynamics NSF Coupled Natural Human Systems project and a joint WSU/University of Washington IGERT called IPEM (IGERT Program in Evolutionary Modeling). He uses agent-based models as aids in calibrating interpretations of what happened in prehistory, with emphasis on the US Southwest, where he is a Research Associate at Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Cortez, Colorado. Current research areas include paleodemography, human environmental impacts, and social evolution/culture change in Neolithic societies.

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Kevin Laland

Science Board

Professor of Behavioural and Evolutionary Biology, University of St. Andrews, School of Biology

Kevin Laland is Professor of Behavioural and Evolutionary Biology at the University of St Andrews, where he is a member of the Centre for Social learning and Cognitive Evolution, the Centre for Genes and Genomics, the Institute for Behavioural and Neural Sciences, and the Scottish Primate Research Group. After completing his PhD at University College London, Laland held a Human Frontier Science Programme fellowship at UC Berkeley, followed by BBSRC and Royal Society University Research fellowships at the University of Cambridge, before moving to St Andrews in 2002. He has published over 200 scientific articles and 10 books on a wide range of topics related to animal behaviour and evolution, particularly social learning, cultural evolution and niche construction. He is an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a Fellow of the Society of Biology, and the recipient of both an ERC Advanced Grant and a Royal Society Wolfson ...

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Arthur Lander

Science Board

Donald Bren Professor of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, Developmental and Cell Biology

Arthur D. Lander, M.D., Ph.D. is the Donald Bren Professor of Developmental and Cell Biology at the University of California, Irvine. He holds joint appointments in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Logic and Philosophy of Science. He is also the Director of the Center for Complex Biological Systems, an NIGMS National Center for Systems Biology.

He serves on the editorial boards of PLoS Biology and BMC Biology, is a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a member of the Science Board of the Sante Fe Institute.

Research in the Lander lab is focused on the Systems Biology of Development and Disease, and deals with topics in Developmental Biology, Cell Biology, Mathematical/Computational Biology, Glycobiology, Neurobiology, Cancer Biology and Engineering.

Graduate students in the Lander lab enter through multidepartmental Graduate Gateway Programs in Cellular ...

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Richard Lenski

Science Board

Hannah Distinguished Professor, Michigan State University, Plant Soil and Microbial Sciences

The main focus of my lab is on experimental evolution. Evolution is usually investigated using the comparative method or by studying fossils. Our approach is to watch evolution as it happens, in the context of experiments that are replicated and performed under controlled conditions. The idea of watching evolution in action is not new. In fact, Charles Darwin, in the first edition of On the Origin of Species (1859, p. 187), said "In looking for the gradations by which an organ in any species has been perfected, we ought to look exclusively to its lineal ancestors ; but this is scarcely ever possible, and we are forced in each case to look to species of the same group, that is to the collateral descendants from the same original parent-form."

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Simon A. Levin

Science Board

Moffett Professor of Biology, Princeton University, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

Simon A. Levin received his B.A. from Johns Hopkins University and his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Maryland. At Cornell University 1965-1992 , he was Chair of the Section of Ecology and Systematics, and then Director of the Ecosystems Research Center, the Center for Environmental Research and the Program on Theoretical and Computational Biology, as well as Charles A. Alexander Professor of Biological Sciences (1985-1992). Since 1992, he has been at Princeton University, where he is currently George M. Moffett Professor of Biology and Director of the Center for BioComplexity. He retains an Adjunct Professorship at Cornell. His research interests are in understanding how macroscopic patterns and processes are maintained at the level of ecosystems and the biosphere, in terms of ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that operate primarily at the level of organisms; in infectious diseases; and in the interface between basic and applied ecology. Levin is ...

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Richard Lewontin

Science Board

Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Harvard University, Museum of Comp Zoology Emeritus

Richard Lewontin is Alexander Agassiz Research Professor at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. His many books include Biology and Ideology, Not in Our Genes, and Human Diversity.

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Peter Littlewood

Science Board

Director, Argonne National Laboratory, Director's Office

Peter B. Littlewood is the Director of Argonne National Laboratory, one of the nation’s largest science and engineering research centers, and a Professor of Physics in the James Franck Institute at the University of Chicago.

Dr. Littlewood came to Argonne in 2011 after being appointed Associate Laboratory Director of Argonne's Physical Sciences and Engineering directorate, which focuses on discovery science across a broad range of disciplines, and on creating and understanding new materials and chemistries that address the grand challenges in energy and the environment.

Before that, he spent 14 years at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, where he last served as the head of the Cavendish Laboratory and the Department of Physics.  Dr. Littlewood started his career at Bell Laboratories, beginning in 1980 as a postdoctoral member of the technical staff; by 1992, he had worked his way up to head of Theoretical Physics ...

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Seth Lloyd

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

Seth Lloyd is a professor of mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He refers to himself as a "quantum mechanic". His research area is the interplay of information with complex systems, especially quantum systems

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Thomas Lovejoy

Science Board

University Professor, George Mason University, Environmental Science & Policy

Thomas E. Lovejoy was elected University Professor at George Mason in March 2010. He also holds the Biodiversity Chair at the Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment and was President from 2002-2008. An ecologist who has worked in the Brazilian Amazon since 1965, he works on the interface of science and environmental policy. Starting in the 1970’s he helped bring attention to the issue of tropical deforestation and in 1980 published the first estimate of global extinction rates (in the Global 2000 Report to the President). He conceived the idea for the long term study on forest fragmentation in the Amazon (started in 1978) which is the largest experiment in landscape ecology, the Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems project (also known as the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project). He also coined the term “Biological diversity”, originated the concept of debt-for-nature swaps and has worked on the ...

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L. Mahadevan

Science Board

Lola England de Valpine Professor of Applied Mathematics, Harvard University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences


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Eric Maskin

Science Board Emeritus

Adams University Professor, Harvard University, Department of Economics

Eric Maskin is Adams University Professor at Harvard. He received the 2007 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (with L. Hurwicz and R. Myerson) for laying the foundations of mechanism design theory. He also has made contributions to game theory, contract theory, social choice theory, political economy, and other areas of economics.

He received his A.B. and Ph.D from Harvard and was a postdoctoral fellow at Jesus College, Cambridge University. He was a faculty member at MIT from 1977-1984, Harvard from 1985-2000, and the Institute for Advanced Study from 2000-2011. He rejoined the Harvard faculty in 2012.

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The Lord May of Oxford

Science Board

Professor, Oxford University, Zoology

Robert McCredie May, Baron May of Oxford, OM, AC, FRS (born 8 January 1936) is an Australian scientist who has been Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government, President of the Royal Society,[1] and a Professor at Sydney and Princeton. He now holds joint professorships at Oxford and Imperial College London.

May is a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, a crossbencher in the House of Lords, and an appointed member of the council of the British Science Association. He is also a member of the Advisory Council for the Campaign for Science and Engineering.[2] His is also a FAA, FTSE, FRSN, HonFAIB.

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Lauren Meyers

Science Board, External Professor

Professor and Director, University of Texas at Austin, Section of Integrative Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology

Dr. Meyers received her B.A. degree in Mathematics and Philosophy in 1996 from Harvard University and her Ph.D. in 2000 from the department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. After completing a postdoctoral fellowship from the National Science Foundation, she joined the faculty of Integrative Biology at the University of Texas at Austin in 2003. Using a combination of mathematical modeling and experiments, Lauren’s research lies at the interface of evolutionary biology and epidemiology. She studies the interplay between disease transmission dynamics and the evolution of pathogens including those responsible for epidemic meningitis, influenza, walking pneumonia, and SARS. Based on this research, the MIT Technology Review recently named Lauren as one of the top 100 global innovators under age 35.

Dr. Meyers conducts research in two general areas. The first is mathematical epidemiology. Over the last five years, she has been developing new network-based mathematical approaches for ...

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Melanie Mitchell

Science Board, External Professor and McKinnon Family Vice President for Education and Outreach

Professor, Portland State University, Computer Science

Melanie Mitchell is Professor of Computer Science at Portland State University, and External Professor and Member of the Science Board at the Santa Fe Institute. She attended Brown University, where she majored in mathematics and did research in astronomy, and the University of Michigan, where she received a Ph.D. in computer science, Her dissertation, in collaboration with her advisor Douglas Hofstadter, was the development of Copycat, a computer program that makes analogies. She has held faculty or professional positions at the University of Michigan, the Santa Fe Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the OGI School of Science and Engineering, and Portland State University. She is the author or editor of five books and over 70 scholarly papers in in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and complex systems. Her most recent book, Complexity: A Guided Tour, published in 2009 by Oxford University Press, is the winner of the ...

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Michael Mitzenmacher

Science Board

Professor, Harvard University


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Harold Morowitz

Science Board Chair, Emeritus, Santa Fe Institute

Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Biology and Natural Philosophy, George Mason University, Krasnow Institute

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Alexandra Navrotsky

Science Board

Director, NEAT ORU; Edward Roessler Chair in Math. and Physical Sciences; Distinguished Professor, University of California, Davis, Ceramic, Earth, and Environmental Materials Chemistry

Interim Dean of Mathematical and Physical Sciences

Alexandra Navrotsky was educated at the Bronx High School of Science and the University of Chicago (B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in physical chemistry). After postdoctoral work in Germany and at Penn State University, she joined the faculty in Chemistry at Arizona State University, where she remained till her move to the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences at Princeton University in 1985. She chaired that department from 1988 to 1991 and has been active in the Princeton Materials Institute. In 1997, she became an Interdisciplinary Professor of Ceramic, Earth, and Environmental Materials Chemistry at the University of California at Davis and was appointed Edward Roessler Chair in Mathematical and Physical Sciences in 2001.

Her research interests have centered about relating microscopic features of structure and bonding to macroscopic thermodynamic behavior in minerals, ceramics, and other complex materials. She has made ...

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George Oster

Science Board

Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Cell and Developmental Biology

My research involves construction and testing of theoretical models of molecular, cellular and developmental processes. Current Projects include investigations into the basic physics and chemistry of protein motors, eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell motility, spatial pattern formation in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and membrane geometry and protein organization.

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Mark Pagel

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, Reading University, School of Biological Sciences

Mark Pagel is an evolutionary theorist with interests in mathematical and statistical modeling of evolutionary processes. His current interests include language and cultural evolution, networks, regulation, emergence of complex systems, robustness and evolvability, punctuational versus gradual evolutionary change, and evolutionary genomics. His co-authored 1991 monograph on comparative statistical methods in evolutionary biology is standard reading for the field and he is the author of several other statistical methods for identifying and analyzing evolutionary trends and for inferring phylogenetic trees. Some of his recent papers have reported the first evidence for regular punctuational episodes of change at the molecular level associated with speciation events. He has also used statistical methods to reconstruct features of dinosaur genomes, and to infer ancestral features of genes and proteins. Mark has identified simple rules for the assembly of protein interaction networks and speculated on their role in producing robust and evolvable systems. Most recently, he ...

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Mercedes Pascual

Science Board, External Professor

Professor, University of Chicago, Department of Ecology and Evolution

I received my Ph.D degree in 1995 from the Joint Program of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. I was awarded a U.S. Department of Energy Alexander Hollaender Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship for studies at Princeton, and more recently, a Centennial Fellowship in Global and Complex Systems from the James S. McDonnell Foundation. I am currently affiliated with the Center for the Study of Complex Systems at UM and with the Santa Fe Institute as an external faculty.

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Alan Perelson

Science Board, External Professor

Senior Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mathematical and Theoretical Biology

Dr. Perelson received his B.S. degrees in Life Science and Electrical Engineering from MIT in 1967, and a Ph.D. in Biophysics, under the supervision of Aharon Katchalsky-Katzir, from UC Berkeley in 1972. He was Acting Assistant Professor, Division of Medical Physics, Berkeley, in 1973 and a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Minnesota, in 1974. He was a staff member in the Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1974 - 1991, a Laboratory Fellow from 1991 - 2002, head of the Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group between 1995 - 2001, and is currently a Los Alamos National Laboratory Senior Fellow. He spent the 1978 and 1979 academic years at Brown University as an Assistant Professor of Medical Sciences in the Division of Biology and Medicine and the Lefschetz Center for Dynamical Systems, was a visiting scientist at the Mathematical Institute, Oxford University ...

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David Pines

Co-Founder in Residence

Co-Founder, SFI, Distinguished Research Professor of Physics, U C Davis, Research Professor of Physics, UIUC, and Chief Evangelist and Founding Director Emeritus, Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter

Professor David Pines is the founding co-director of the Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter (a multicampus research program of the University of California) and Research Professor of Physics and Professor Emeritus of Physics and Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Center for Advanced Study, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His seminal contributions to the theory of many-body systems and to theoretical astrophysics have been recognized by two Guggenheim Fellowships, the Feenberg Medal, Friemann, Dirac, and Drucker Prizes, and by his election to the National Academy of Sciences, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, and Hungarian Academy of Sciences and visiting professorships at the Université de Paris, University of Leiden, Colleège de France, Caltech, and Trinity College, University of Cambridge. His current research focuses on the search for the organizing principles responsible for emergent behavior in matter, with particular attention to correlated matter, the ...

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Thomas Rosenbaum

Science Board

President, California Institute of Technology, Office of the President

On July 1, 2014, Thomas F. Rosenbaum took office as Caltech's ninth president.

Dr. Rosenbaum was formerly the John T. Wilson Distinguished Service Professor of Physics at the University of Chicago, where he served as the University's provost for seven years. As Chicago's provost, he had responsibility for a broad range of institutions and intellectual endeavors across the sciences, arts, and professional schools. He has been deeply engaged with Argonne National Laboratory as the University's vice president for research and for Argonne National Laboratory from 2002 to 2006 and as a member of its Board of Governors.

Dr. Rosenbaum is an expert on the quantum mechanical nature of materials—the physics of electronic, magnetic, and optical materials at the atomic level—that are best observed at temperatures near absolute zero. He conducted research at Bell Laboratories and at IBM Watson Research Center before he joined the ...

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Donald Saari

Science Board

UCI Distinguished Professor: Mathematicsw and Economics, University of California, Irvine, Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences

I grew up in the beautiful Upper Peninsula of Michigan. To see where, find the part of Michigan that is above Wisconsin; my hometown is on the thumb sticking into the frigid waters of Lake Superior. By its location, you can appreciate why in the midst of winter, where we could have 400 inches of snowfall, people would bundle up and drive south to warm up in, say, Green Bay or Minneapolis. Reflecting the advantages of the region, much of my youth was spent skiing, camping, scouting, sailing, acting in class plays, involved in athletics, exploring abandoned mines, etc.; i.e., a great time! As an undergraduate at Michigan Technological University I had a triple major — social life, campus politics, and athletics, but with a strong minor in mathematics. While I always had high grades, it took graduate school (Purdue) to totally turn me on to academics — so much so ...

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Jeremy (Jerry) A. Sabloff

President, Santa Fe Institute

JEREMY ARAC SABLOFF (B.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1964; Ph.D., Harvard University, 1969) is the President of the Santa Fe Institute (2009 - ). Before coming to the Santa Fe Institute, he taught at Harvard University, the University of Utah, the University of New Mexico (where he was Chair of the Department), the University of Pittsburgh (where he also was Chair), and the University of Pennsylvania (where he was the Williams Director of the University of Pennsylvania Museum from 1994-2004 [and Interim Director, 2006-2007] and Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Anthropology).

He also was an Overseas Visiting Fellow at St. John's College, Cambridge, England. He is a past President of the Society for American Archaeology, a past Chair of Section H (Anthropology) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and past Editor of American Antiquity. He served as Chair of the Smithsonian Science Commission and currently is ...

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Daniel Schrag

Science Board

Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology; Director, Center for the Environment, Harvard University, Center for the Environment

Daniel P. Schrag is the Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology at Harvard University, Professor of Environmental Science and Engineering, and Director of the Harvard University Center for the Environment.

Schrag studies climate and climate change over the broadest range of Earth history. He is particularly interested in how information on climate change from the geologic past can lead to better understanding of anthropogenic climate change in the future. In addition to his work on geochemistry and climatology, Schrag studies energy technology and policy, including carbon capture and storage and low-carbon synthetic fuels.

Schrag currently serves on President Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Among various honors, he is the recipient of the James B. Macelwane Medal from the American Geophysical Union and a MacArthur Fellowship. Schrag earned a B.S. in geology and geophysics and political science from Yale University and his Ph.D. in geology from ...

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Montgomery Slatkin

Science Board

Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Dept. of Integrative Biology

My research is currently directed to analyzing genetic data within and between species in the context of population genetic models. The overall goal is to show how variation among individuals in DNA sequence can be used to understand population genetic processes including recombination, selection, migration, and past population growth. At present my research is focused on (1) linkage disequilibrium and the generation of haplotype blocks, (2) the spectrum of frequencies of alleles associated with genetic diseases in humans, (3) the inference of allele age and (4) selection on alleles associated with disease resistance in human populations. I retain an interest in quantitative genetics, epistasis, and population structure.

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Derek Smith

Science Board

Professor of Infectious Disease Informatics, University of Cambridge, Department of Zoology

Research area - Population and Community Ecology (Pathogen Evolution)

We use antigenic cartography, along with genetic and population biology techniques, to study basic questions in pathogen evolution, and coevolution with the acquired immunity in host populations.

Antigenic cartography is a new mathematical and computational method which for the first time allows one to quantify and visualize fine-grain phenotypic differences among strains of viruses or bacteria (Smith et al., Science 305, 371-376, 2004).

Antigenic cartography has been developed using data on human influenza virus subtype A(H3N2), and is routinely used to analyze the global data from the World Health Organization influenza surveillance network as part of the influenza vaccine strain selection process.

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Dawn Song

Science Board

Associate Professor, University of California-Berkeley, Computer Science Division

Dawn Song is Associate Professor of Computer Science at UC Berkeley. Prior to joining UC Berkeley, she was an Assistant Professor at Carnegie Mellon University from 2002 to 2007. Her research interest lies in security and privacy issues in computer systems and networks, including areas ranging from software security, networking security, database security, distributed systems security, to applied cryptography. She is the recipient of various awards including the MacArthur Fellowship, the Guggenheim Fellowship, the NSF CAREER Award, the Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, the MIT Technology Review TR-35 Award, the IBM Faculty Award, the George Tallman Ladd Research Award, the Okawa Foundation Research Award, the Li Ka Shing Foundation Women in Science Distinguished Lecture Series Award, and Best Paper Awards from top conferences.

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Daniel L. Stein

Science Board Co-Chair, SSC Ex-officio

Professor of Physics and Mathematics, New York University, Physics and Mathematics